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A finite-state transducer for Northern Sotho deverbative nouns: The morphophonemic rules November 2009 Southern African Linguistics and Applied Language Studies 23(4):393-403 It concerns in all cases deverbative nouns. deverbative throughout here, to avoid possible narrow interpretation of “event”. For the purpose of our study and experiments, a deverbative noun is defined as a noun which in fact describes a state or event and can be easily paraphrased using its base verb without substantial change in meaning. Gerund is a non-finite verb form that shares properties of verbs and nouns. Noun class object concord verbal stem verbal ending deverbative The rule looks like this: To make the plural form of a noun, add –s to the end of the noun. Examples [la] puer laudandus est “the boy should be praised” Ger: gerund. Some examples of-er deverbative piitters (no otr the Shakespearea doers, n though) are recorde Kirchned in 1952r comer-outer: (156) getter-up, (279), go-withouter (364) etc —. — The use of the-er suffix in unconventional word-forming patterns adjective Formed from a verb, such as the noun worker derived from the verb work. The class prefix is placed The relation between the-er suffix and the compound verb (i getter-up,n come-outer and comer-outer) is treated by Peprni (1955. k 216—7). In this article, the focus is on the morphophonemic rules that apply when deverbative nouns are formed in Northern Sotho. Below is the structure of a deverbative “kgatelelo”. Leco has also deverbative derivative suffixes (which derive nouns from verbs), as, for example, the infinitivizer -sich in (6), which derives an infinitive form which functions as the subject of a sentence; and the agentive -no, which form derived nouns which express an agentive, such as lamas-no 'worker'. Nouns are frequently derived from verb roots, which requires a noun prefix as well as a deverbative suffix, as illustrated in the following examples of nouns formed from the verb root -hamb- ‘travel, go’: (1a) u-(lu)-hamb-o ‘journey’ (1b) u-m(u)-hamb-i ‘traveller’ The deverbative suffixes in (1) are -o and -i. (b) Deverbatives are nouns formed by using mostly a prefix + a verbal root + a deverbative suffix. noun deverbative a word formed or derived from a verb 3; adjective deverbative formed or derived from a verb 3; adjective deverbative formed from a verb 3; adjective deverbative used in the formation of a word from a verb 3; noun deverbative a deverbative word 3; adjective deverbative (especially of nouns) derived from a verb, as the noun driver from the verb drive. 4.1 In order to refer to clay coils, Great Lakes Bantu languages have created nouns along two different lines of onomasiological development. A first group of nouns is shown in the example table (1). There are mainly two types: Personal deverbatives, which usually occur in the noun classes denoting persons and the noun classes denoting instruments. We can look at a simple example rule that makes the English plural form of a noun (i.e. We can break down this rule … In English it shares the morphological form with present participle, which may mean that the tagset will not distinguish it from the participle. The word “kgatelelo” is a noun derived from the verbal root –gatelel- (which means to “press”) and a suffix –a. (1) Deverbative nouns designating coils of … Another example of a deverbative is “pressure” which was translated as “kgatelelo”. adjective Used in derivation from a verb, such as the suffix -er in teacher. that takes the root cat and adds an –s to the end to make cats). noun A deverbative word or element. Is placed We can look at a simple example rule that makes the English plural form of deverbative. 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