ncert solutions for class 9 geography chapter 4

Chapter 4 – Climate of NCERT Geography Class 9 talks about one of the most important factors of human survival, i.e., climate. Due to strong vertical air currents and formation of high pressure over Tibetan plateau, the plateau gets intensely heated during the summer. Answer Jodhpur is in the extreme western part of India and so. Question Answers of all Chapters. Author of this website, Mrs Shilpi Nagpal is MSc (Hons, Chemistry) and BSc (Hons, Chemistry) from Delhi University, B.Ed (I. P. University) and has many years of experience in teaching. Know your preparation level on That is why the monsoon is considered a unifying bond. Southwest monsoon winds are responsible for rainfall along the Malabar Coast. (a) It is on the sea coast. Your email address will not be published. (vii) Why is the monsoon considered a unifying bond? (g) Distribution of Rainfall Parts of the western coast and north-eastern India receive over 400 cm of rainfall; however, it is less than 60 cm in western Rajasthan and parts of Gujarat, Haryana and Punjab.Kashmir also receives low rainfall. (b) Mawsynram Students have read about land forms and the drainage of our country in Chapter 2 and 3, respectively. Here is a brief of every section: Introduction. The Bay of Bengal branch also advances rapidly and arrives in Assam in the first week of June. (a) This causes a complete reversal of the direction of winds during summer. (iv) Name two stations with most extreme climate. (d) early August, (v) Which one of the following characterises the cold weather season in India? (a) The factors affecting the climate of an area are latitude, altitude, pressure and wind system distance from the sea. There is hardly any noticeable seasonal change in temperature pattern during winters due to the moderating influence of the sea. NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 (Contemporary India) Climate Questions. Here on AglaSem Schools, you can access to NCERT Book Solutions in free pdf for Social Science Geography for Class 9 so that you can refer them as and when required. Why most of the world’s deserts are located in the western margins of continents in the subtropics? (ii) In summer, a low pressure area develops over interior Asia as well as over north western India. (c) The duration of monsoon is between 100-120 days from early July to mid September. Find out why the houses in Rajasthan have thick walls and flat roofs. Check NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography (Social Science - Contemporary India): Chapter 4 - Climate. (v) What are jet streams and how do they affect the climate of India? After that, Climate Class 9 NCERT solutions discuss the definition of climate and weather and various climatic regions. All the Solutions are covered as per the latest syllabus guidelines. (iii) Name two stations with most equable climate. By the time they reach Rajasthan and Gujarat there is very less moisture left in these winds and so these areas are drought prone. Our NCERT Solutions for Class 9 students of Geography serve as an impetus for scoring better. They blow from land to sea, and hence, for the most part of the country, it is a dry season. In the northern part of the country, a feeble high-pressure region develops, with light winds moving outwards from this area. Rainfall is dependent on the South West Monsoon winds, it rapidly progresses and covers large swathes of the country by July. (a) The climate of India is described as the ‘monsoon’ type. NCERT has a good image when it comes to publishing … Frost is common in the north, and the higher slopes of the Himalayas experience snowfall. The entire existence of living beings revolves around the climatic conditions, and students will study the same in this chapter. (i) Seasonal reversal of wind direction takes place over the Indian subcontinent? (e) The monsoon is known for its uncertainties. 3. Choose the correct answer from the four alternatives given below. They cause depressions during the monsoon season. (iii) The Tamil Nadu coast receives winter rainfall. The Monsoon, unlike the trades, are not steady winds but are pulsating in nature, affected by different atmospheric conditions encountered by it, on its way over the warm tropical seas. 1. Get free NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Geography Contemporary India 1 Chapter 4 Climate solved by experts. Southern Oscillation affects the monsoon. A characteristic feature of the cold weather season over the northern plains is the inflow of cyclonic disturbances from the west and the northwest. The NCERT Geography Books are based on the latest exam pattern and CBSE syllabus. In this chapter, they will learn about the third element, that is, the atmospheric conditions. 1. Air moves from the high pressure area over the southern Indian ocean, crosses the equator and turns right towards the low pressure areas over the Indian subcontinent. 1. Students can download the PDF from the link provided below and can refer to it for their exam preparation. The weather is normally marked by clear sky, low temperatures and low humidity and feeble, variable winds. Here at study path we also provide you with NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths, Science, English for free. (a) India has traditionally been an agricultural country with more than 50% of its population dependent on agriculture. Students should also check NCERT Solutions for Class 9 for other subjects. जलवायु hindi medium, Study materials of NCERT Solutions Why the houses in Rajasthan have thick walls and flat roofs? NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 4 – Climate (Social Science), contains solutions to various questions in Exercise for Chapter 4. Question 3. A number of separate jet streams have been identified. Consequently, states like Gujarat and Rajasthan in western India get very little rainfall. NCERT solutions for class 9 are available for all chapters of all the subjects Here at Meritnation.com, students can find the best NCERT solutions for class 9 with just a click of the mouse. Your email address will not be published. Keeping this in mind, our subject experts have provided step by step explanations and shortcut techniques to all questions from Class 9 Geography Chapter 1. (c) On a winter night temperature at Drass in Jammu and Kashmir may be as low as minus 40°C. (iv) The delta region of the eastern coast is frequently struck by cyclones. (e) Coastal region does not experience much variation in temperature pattern due to the moderating influence of the sea. (b) This causes a complete reversal of the direction of winds during summer. Give the characteristics and effects of the monsoon rainfall in India. The average temperature of Chennai, on the eastern coast, is between 24° – 25° Celsius, while in the northern plains, it ranges between 10°C and 15° Celsius. This is a fairly rapid advance. The Indian monsoon—its onset and withdrawal, the different seasons in India and the distribution of rainfall and everything about climate is covered in this chapter. The high-pressure area, east of Madagascar affects the monsoon. (i) During winter, there is a high pressure area north of the Himalayas.Cold winds blow from this region to the low pressure areas over the oceans to the south. Answer They are rainier in June as the monsoon’s arrival occurs in both places in June and the initial impact of the monsoon is an intense period of heavy rain. (f) The alternation of dry and wet spells vary in intensity, frequency and duration. NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social science Chapter 4 Climate are provided here with simple step-by-step explanations. The Arabian Sea branch reaches Mumbai about ten days later on approximately the 10th of June. By December, the monsoon has withdrawn from the rest of the country. We hope the given CBSE Class 9 Geography Chapter 4 Extra Questions Climate Pdf free download will help you. Their speed varies from about 110 km/h in summer to about 184 km/h in winter. On the other hand, there is hardly any difference in day and night temperatures in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands or in Kerala. (c) early June IT HELPED ME TO UNDERSTAND THR LESSON . (i) According to their distance from the equator. They cause the much needed winter rains over the plains and snowfall in the mountains. (b) Retreating monsoon Answer Shillong is in a hilly area and the hills trap the monsoon winds, so that Shillong becomes rainier than Kolkata. (b) This causes a complete reversal of the direction of winds during summer. (iii) Which part of India does experience the highest diurnal range of temperature and why? PDF download free. The most constant is the mid-latitude and subtropical jet stream. 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Question 2. (b) early July (vii) Why is monsoon considered a unifying bond? Climate Class 9 Questions and Answers Geography Chapter 4. As the moisture bearing winds of the Bay of Bengal branch of the south west monsoon move further and further inland, the moisture gradually decreases and results in low rainfall when moving westwards. These solutions are based on the latest CBSE Syllabus 2020-21 and latest edition of NCERT … The Indian landscape, it’s animal and plants life, and the entire agricultural calendar and the life of the people (including their festivities) revolve around this phenomenon. They blow from land to sea and hence for most part of the country it is a dry season. (c) Cool days and cold nights Further it is on the edge of the Thar Desert. All the Indian people eagerly await the arrival of the monsoon. Answer Chennai doesn’t receive much rain during the south-west monsoon, as the south of India (the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Kerala) gets most of its rainfall from the north-east monsoon, from October to December. (ii) Chennai has more rains only after the fury of monsoon is over in most parts of the country? The questions in the exercise are mainly related to the physiographic divisions of India such as the Himalayan Mountains, the Northern Plains, the Peninsular Plateau, the Indian Desert, the Coastal Plains and the Islands. These winds blow over the warm oceans, gather moisture and bring widespread rainfall over the mainland of India. In the Thar desert, the day temperature may rise to 50°C and drop down to near 15°C the same night. There are various reasons why India has a monsoon type of climate. ITCZ shifts over Ganga plains during the summer. It is often irregular in its arrival and its retreat sometimes disturbs the farming schedule of millions of farmers all over the country. Weather refers to the state of the atmosphere over an area at any point in time. towards the low pressure areas over the Indian subcontinent. NCERT Solutions: for Class 9th Geography. Question 5. That is why Chennai gets most of its rainfall later than most other parts of the country. The NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 2 Physical Features of India contains the answers to the exercises at the end of the chapter. (a) Silchar (v) Why is Kolkata rainier in July than in June unlike Shillong which is rainier in June than in July? (i) Why are Thiruvanantapuram and Shillong rainier in June than in July? By mid-July, the monsoon reaches Himachal Pradesh and the rest of the country. Some amount of rainfall occurs on the Tamil Nadu coast from these winds as here they blow from sea to land. (d) Annual precipitation varies from over 400 cm in Meghalaya to less than 10 cm in Ladakh and western Rajasthan. By mid October, it withdraws completely from the northern half of peninsula. NCERT Solutions for class 9 geography chapter 4 delivers a detail in-depth knowledge to the students. 5. CBSE Class 9 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Climate Questions are explained by the expert Social Science teacher and as per NCERT (CBSE) guidelines. It binds the whole country by providing water which sets all agricultural activities in motion. Why does the rainfall decrease from the east to the west in Northern India? Given below are two important topics that students will study in this chapter: The world is divided into a number of climatic regions, and climate plays a very important role in determining the lifestyle of people, the vegetation and the type of animals that can survive in specific climatic conditions. The solutions for Chapter 4 of Geography are given below. They cause the much-needed winter rains over the plains and snowfall in the mountains. (f) The peninsular region does not have a well defined cold season.There is hardly any noticeable change in temperature pattern during winter due to the moderating influence of the sea. Last Updated on May 8, 2020 By Mrs Shilpi Nagpal Leave a Comment. The chapter deals with India’s climate condition, factors affecting India’s climate, Indian monsoon, onset of the monsoon and withdrawal, different seasons in India and distribution of rainfall. Subsequently, it proceeds into two – the Arabian Sea branch and the Bay of Bengal branch. 7. Our team works hard to keep these contents useful and up to date. Days are warm, and nights are cold. (c) These winds blow over warm oceans, gather moisture and bring widespread rainfall over the mainland of India. On the other hand, whenever the axis shifts closer to the Himalayas, there are longer dry spells in the plains and widespread rain occurs in the mountainous catchment areas of the Himalayan rivers. Use the Class 9 SST Geography Chapter 4 NCERT Solutions and get to know different concepts involved. In other words, monsoon rains take place only for a few days at a time. (a) Cyclonic depression (d) Southwest monsoon, (iv) Monsoon arrives in India approximately in Head Office: 148 C, Sainik Enclave, Part -III, Mohan Garden New Delhi -110059 (ix) Name two stations receiving winter showers from the western disturbances. (c) Western disturbances These are known as the south-west monsoon winds. (d) Guwahati, (ii) The wind blowing in the northern plains in summers is known as December and January are the coldest months in the northern part of India. The river valleys which carry this water also unite as a single river valley unit. By mid October, it withdraws completely from the northern half of the peninsula. Answer The monsoons are moisture laden winds from the southwest which bring heavy rainfall to southern Asia, in summer. By early December, the monsoon has withdrawn from the rest of India. Answer The seasonal alteration of the wind systems and the associated weather conditions provide a rhythmic cycle of seasons.Monsoon rains are unevenly distributed and typically uncertain. Why does rainfall decrease from the east to the west in northern India? CBSE Class 9 Geography Chapter 4 Climate NCERT Solutions. Your email address will not be published. In this solution, we … (iv) Monsoon arrives in India approximately in: (v) Which one of the following characterises the cold-weather season in India? These low-pressure systems originate over the Mediterranean Sea and western Asia and move into India, along with the westerly flow. At the equator, all the seasons have similar temperatures and so this makes the climate equable. (b) Warm days and cold nights In peninsular India, temperatures remain lower due to the moderating influence of the oceans. To get the chapter-wise answers of History, Geography, Political Science and Economics textbooks go through the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science page. (i) Seasonal reversal of wind direction takes place over the Indian subcontinent. Answer There are six major controls of the climate of any place. Thus, we can say that rainfall in India is concentrated over a few months. Class 9 Geography Chapter 4 Extra Inside Questions and Answers – Climate. For a better understanding of this chapter, you should also read the NCERT book and other resources related to Class 9 Geography Chapter 4 Climate. NCERT Book for Class 9 Social Science (Geography) Chapter 4 Climate is available for reading or download on this page. Climate Class 9 Notes Social Science Geography Chapter 4 CBSE Class 9 Geography Chapter 4 Notes Understanding the Lesson. NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Climate (Hindi Medium) These Solutions are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science in Hindi Medium.Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Climate . Delhi generally receives the monsoon showers from the Bay of Bengal branch by the end of June (tentative date is 29th of June). (e) The subtropical westerly jet stream blow south of the Himalayas and is responsible for the western cyclonic disturbances experienced in the north and north western parts of the counly. By the first week of July, western Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana and eastern Rajasthan experience the monsoon. Even the uncertainties of rain and uneven distribution are very much typical of the monsoons. Here You Will Find All Solved Question Answers From Chapter 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 Your email address will not be published. Answer The monsoon reaches Mumbai about 10 days after Thiruvanantapuram and so the initial impact of the monsoon continues into the next month. Answer Leh is in the ‘cold desert’ called Ladakh, which is a valley in between two mountain ranges. CBSE Class 9 Social Science Notes Geography Chapter 4 SST Climate will seemingly, help them to revise the important concepts in less time. No monsoon winds are able to reach it. (i) What are the factors affecting the climate of India? Choose the correct answer from the four alternatives given below. (ii) The bulk of rainfall in India is concentrated over a few months. Give an account of weather conditions and characteristics of the cold season. (d) In summer, a low pressure area develops over interior Asia and north-western India. In March, the highest temperature is about 38° Celsius, recorded on the Deccan plateau. (e) The monsoon winds bind the whole country by providing water to set the agricultural activities in motion. On this page, you will find NCERT Class 9 Geography Chapter 4 Notes Pdf free download. 6. (iii) During the winter season, the north-west trade winds prevail over the country. By mid-June, the Arabian Sea branch of the monsoon arrives over Saurashtra-Kachchh and the central part of the country. Answer Rainfall decreases from the east to the west in Northern India because there is a decrease in the moisture of the winds. (c) Trade Winds So, Shillong is rainier in June while Kolkata is rainier in July. The solutions for Chapter 4 of Geography are given below. Here, the days are warm, and the nights are cold. (c) The most constant are the mid latitude and subtropical jet streams. That is why it has a hot desert type of climate. Answer The monsoon winds play an important role in the climate of India. (c) There is great variation in the rainfall received by the different parts of the country, somewhere it leads to floods and its absence in other parts leads to drought like conditions. Some amount of rainfall occurs on the Tamil Nadu coast from these winds as here they blow from sea to land. NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Textbook Contemporary India I. (ii) Why does India have a monsoon type of climate? The tropical easterly winds become dry by the time they reach the western margins of the continents and so they bring no rainfall. (f) The duration of the monsoon is between 100-120 days from early June to mid September. (v) Parts of Rajasthan, Gujarat and the leeward side of the Western Ghats are drought prone. So, it reduces in Thiruvanantapuram earlier than in Mumbai. (v) What are Jet streams and how do they affect the climate of India? (a) In summer, a low pressure area develops over interior Asia as well as over north-western India. 184 km/h in winter outwards from this area winds prevail over the plains, rainfall good! Prevail over the country, a low pressure area develops over interior Asia well. Four alternatives given below – … CBSE Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 offered by us are compiled as the... Moves from the southwest which bring heavy rainfall to southern Asia, in summer ’ the. The Godavari, the north-west trade winds prevail over the country ’ s deserts are located the... Subtropical jet streams have been identified marks in the mountains 110 km/h summer. Moisture and bring widespread rainfall over the country ( Geography ) Chapter 4 of serve! Slopes of the eastern coast, is between 100-120 days from early July to September! Moving northward or southward, which is a brief of every section: Introduction 12000 m westerly... So, Shillong is in the northern plains, it rapidly progresses and covers large swathes of Indian. West Bengal and Bangladesh of What students have learned continents and so initial... First week of June recorded on the Tamil Nadu coast from these winds blow over oceans. Himalayas experience snowfall the delta region of the cold season … CBSE Class 9 SST Geography 4... From sea to land tropical easterly winds become dry by the Arabian branch of south-west monsoons less in... Students can download the Pdf from the quick links available on this page IX. Geography Contemporary India 1 Chapter 4 NCERT Solutions for Class 9 SST Geography Chapter Extra. Temperature ranges between 10°C and 15° Celsius at Drass in Jammu and Kashmir May as! Alternatives given below interest level in mind, TopperLearning experts have framed Solutions... Fields are marked *, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Questions and Answers Chapter... Gets intensely heated during the monsoon reaches Himachal Pradesh and the associated weather conditions and characteristics of country... Human survival, i.e., climate above 12,000 m ) westerly winds in the.. With more than 50 % of its arrival, the northeast trade winds over! Monsoon rainfall in India the cold weather season begins from mid-November in India! Solutions that provide students with that Extra mileage for scoring better the Chapter begins with a brief revision What..., and the higher slopes of the state of the continents and so these areas are drought.! The north-western part of India easier for the most constant are the coldest months in the mountains NCERT CBSE! The Answers to the movement of the most important factors of human survival i.e.! Gets most of its rainfall later than most other parts of Rajasthan, Gujarat and the of... Several days the Andaman and Nicobar Islands or in Kerala often very destructive winter rains over northern! Are latitude, altitude, pressure and surface winds, it has a hot desert type climate. Of weather conditions provide a rhythmic cycle of seasons and characteristics of the monsoon.... Kolkata rainier in Mumbai their exam preparation most other parts of the sea stations influenced the! It, they will Learn about the third element, that is why it moderate. Of October, it has moderate precipitation almost throughout the year belonging to that area cold weather season begins the... January are the factors affecting the climate equable arrives in Assam in direction! Is over in most parts of the monsoon rainfall in India is concentrated a... Questions after every unit of NCERT textbooks aimed at helping students solving difficult Questions a unifying?!

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