zara class cruiser

[6], The first two ships of the Zara class—Zara and Spalato—were 62.71 meters (205 ft 9 in) long overall and 55 m (180 ft) long between perpendiculars. All three Zara-class ships were protected with a thin 19 mm (0.75 in) armored deck. © Valve Corporation. The design was prepared by Josef von Romako, the Chief Constructor of the Austro-Hungarian Navy, after a lengthy design process throughout the 1870s. By 1901, man of these guns had been removed, leaving just two 12 cm guns, one 6.6 cm (2.6 in) gun, two 47 mm 44-cal. [citation needed]. By the 1890s, they were reactivated for training ship duties, and in 1897 Sebenico took part in an international naval demonstration off Crete, where she sank a Greek blockade runner. They were equipped with the 203 mm/L53 (8 in) guns of 25 tonnes each[5] and were fitted in pairs in Ansaldo turrets. Alternatively, if submerged tubes could not be made to work on the broad side, the ship should include two deck-mounted launchers with at least five torpedoes apiece, four heavy guns, and a speed sufficient just to keep pace with the ironclads of the main fleet. [5] Later, these were replaced by OTO L/47s,[5] plus two single 100 mm mounts for flare illumination rounds. [8], Zara was laid down at OTO Muggiano 4 July 1929,[3] launched 27 April 1930,[3] and commissioned 21 October 1931. The weight limitation made it impossible to design a ship with those guns and armour able to stop shells of the same caliber. Zara-class cruiser (1879). There had been a move to design a 15,000-ton cruiser, but this was not possible because of treaty restrictions. Pola (1941) - (actual Zara class … During World War I, all three vessels were used as guard ships, but none saw action. The Zara-class was an Italian heavy cruiser design of the Regia Marina from the early 1930s, considered by many to be one of the best cruiser designs of World War II. [6] As a result of her different hull, Sebenico is sometimes not included in the Zara class. Despite arriving after the construction of the Zara class, Bolzano’s structure was nearly identical to the Trento Class cruisers. The ships were a … [5], Pöck rejected all of Andressen's proposals, since none of them incorporated the characteristics specified in the March 1875 meeting. She was 64.91 m (213 ft 0 in) overall and 57.2 m (188 ft) between perpendiculars, with a beam of 8.24 m (27 ft 0 in) and a draft of 4.2 m (13 ft 9 in). Listen to the audio pronunciation of Zara-class cruiser (Italy) on pronouncekiwi. This made the Zaras the best armoured cruisers until the introduction of the Des Moines-class. [12], All three ships received several 47 mm (1.9 in) guns in the mid-1880s; these included a Hotchkiss revolver cannon on their bows and four single-barrel quick-firing guns. Zara and Spalato were also armed with four torpedo tubes. [5] The guns had a high muzzle velocity of 939 m/s (3,080 ft/s) with a 125 kg (275 lb) AP shell,[5] allowing Zaras to engage equals at a very long 34,400 yards (31,500 m) at 45 elevation. The first two ships of the class, Zara and Fiume were ordered under the 1928–1929 construction programme, with a third ship, Gorizia ordered as part of the 1929–30 p… [8] During this part of the war, the Zaras were a serious problem for the Royal Navy, which had nothing comparable in the Mediterranean Sea, and were seriously outgunned by them during the inconclusive Battle of Calabria and Battle of Cape Spartivento. 1 Basic 2 Upgrade 3 Second Upgrade 4 Quotes 4.1 Hourly Notifications (Kai) 4.2 Seasonal Quotes 5 Notes 6 Trivia 7 CG 8 See Also Zara Zara Class Heavy Cruiser Statistics HP 42 (44) Firepower 36 (58) Armor 36 (54) Torpedo 0 (28) Evasion 33 (59) AA 18 (62) Aircraft 6 ASW 0 Speed Fast LOS 10 (36) Range Long Luck 10 (48) Resource Consumption Fuel 45 Ammo 60 Build Time … The Trento and Trieste had a less advanced model, firing a 110 kg to  29,000 m. The downside to the new gun was a greater dispersion of shots and barrel wear than normal. The Zaras almost doubled belt armour compared to the Trentos, with 150 mm in the main belt. On 30 January, Shipbuilding Engineer Andressen began working on the projet, which at that time included a pair of 24 cm (9.4 in) guns in an armored casemate. #ShipTrivia RM Pola ( Zara-class Heavy Cruiser ) Pola adalah flags... hip dari Zara-class cruisers. A suggestion was made to await developments in torpedo technology and to incorporate the weapons into the next ironclad that they could secure funding from Parliament to build. Setting sail! Through the 1870s, the Marinekommandant (Navy Commander) of the Austro-Hungarian Navy, Friedrich von Pöck, could not secure sufficient funding for construction of ironclad warships. Los cruceros pesados de la Clase Zara fueron una clase de cruceros construidos para la Regia Marina Italiana, entre finales de los años 20 y principio de los 30.Fueron considerados como uno de los mejores tipos de su categoría y diseño. The class comprised three ships, Zara, Spalato, and Sebenico; the last vessel was built to a slightly different design, and is sometimes not counted as a member of the class. The Zara-class was an Italian heavy cruiser design of the Regia Marina from the early 1930s, considered by many to be one of the best cruiser designs of World War II. ザラ級重巡、ザラ! 抜錨します! 艦隊前に、行きます! Joining the Fleet Play: Tenaciously! The class comprised the vessels Zara, Fiume, Gorizia, and Pola, the last of which was completed to a slightly different design. Spalato reached a speed of 12.63 knots (23.39 km/h; 14.53 mph) from 1,370 PS (1,350 ihp), while Sebenico made 12.81 knots (23.72 km/h; 14.74 mph) from 1,598 PS (1,576 ihp). The ships were recreated in detail with CGI animation technology. [3] This additional armour would have made the ships decidedly nose-heavy, so to offset this the rear of the ship was raised by one deck behind the front funnel. [10], The ships' propulsion system consisted of a pair of two-cylinder vertical compound steam engines, with steam provided by five coal-fired, cylindrical fire-tube boilers. Gorizia was sunk 26 June 1944 at her moorings in La Spezia,[8] in yet another twist of fate by Italian manned torpedoes, after the Italians joined the Allies. [19] Zara was stationed in Cattaro Bay and Sebenico protected the harbor of her namesake city, while Spalato provided local defense outside Pola. The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. Almost no other cruisers were equipped with two armoured decks and two armoured belts. Despite the heavier armor, the Zara class ships were still respectably fast at 32 knots. The design was prepared by Josef von Romako, the Chief Constructor of the Austro-Hungarian Navy, after a leng… After repairs were effected, she joined the harbor defense at Pola. At some point before 1914, she also received a 10 cm (3.9 in) gun. Just better. Despite the lengthy design process, the ships proved to be failures in service, primarily as a result of their low speed. Dibangun sebagai flagship artinya dia dibangun dengan bridge structure yang lebih bulky jika dibandingkan dengan saudaranya. They argued that an attempt to build what they described as a "universal battle-ship" (i.e., the Schiffbau-Kommission's first proposal) was ill-advised, since torpedoes were still in the developmental phase and a vessel of that type would be expensive and risky, considering the limited budgets of the time. After the war, they were seized as war prizes by the Allies and awarded to Italy in 1920; all were broken up immediately thereafter. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. [9][10], The ships' gun armament consisted of four 9-centimeter (3.5 in) 24-caliber (cal.) The Zara-class cruisers were developed to meet an Italian Navy requirement for a more heavily armoured class of cruisers than the previous fast, but lightly armoured Trento-class. Sebenico instead had a single bow-mounted torpedo tube in her bow, submerged below the waterline. Quite the same Wikipedia. Designed with a sophisticated armament, good survivability, and competitive speed, she was among the most advanced heavy cruisers in service at … [18] During the blockade, Sebenico stopped and sank a Greek vessel trying to break the blockade. The solution was a new design, one combining the armament of the Trentos with the armour needed to protect them from similar French designs. The Zara class was a class of three torpedo cruisers built for the Austro-Hungarian Navy in the late 1870s and early 1880s; they were the first large torpedo-armed warships built by Austria-Hungary. 3D Model of Italian heavy cruiser Pola (Zara class) Latent Franco-Italian naval competition started from fresh following the Washington Treaty, the 2 French Duquesne class cruisers getting promptly trumped with the Italian Trento class using better protection. guns, along with her two bow torpedo tubes. Fiume Heavy Cruiser, Zara Class Tauro Model 1:400 201 + Actions Stash. [3] She was joined by Fiume, laid down at Stabilimento Tecnico Triestino on 29 April 1929, launched 27 April 1930, and completed 23 November 1931; Pola at OTO Livorno, laid 17 March 1931, launched 5 December 1931, and completed 21 December 1931;[3] and Gorizia, launched 28 December 1930 at OTO Livorno. Unable to increase the strength of the ironclad fleet, Pöck turned to less expensive means to defend Austria-Hungary's coastline, including development of naval mines and self-propelled torpedoes. The Zaras were essentially an improved Trento class tasked with dealing with the latest French designs. Having no use for the vessels, the Italians immediately sold all three to ship breakers. Although equipped with powerful armament, hits against them would likely penetrate the armour and knock the ships out of combat. On 15 January 1875, the Artillerie-Kommission (Artillery Commission) and the Schiffbau-Kommission (Shipbuilding Commission) met to begin the process of designing a torpedo-armed warship. The boilers were ducted into a single funnel located amidships. The torpedo tubes were located singly, two in the bow and at either beam in deck-mounted launchers. Zara class cruiser (Italy) Gorizia painted in camouflage patterns (1942): Class overview; Operators: Regia Marina In commission: 1931-1944: Completed: Zara, Fiume, Pola, Gorizia: General characteristics Specifications for Zara class. ZARA was the lead ship of 4 Zara class italian cruisers. They also created an alternate proposal for a smaller, unarmored ship with just two to four light guns, in the event that their preferred vessel could not reach the desired speed. Like other Italian heavy cruisers, the Zara class were armed with eight 8″ guns in four twin turrets. In addition, the engines and boilers used in Zara and her sister ships could not tolerate as high a pressure as those in Zieten, and their boilers consumed coal excessively. [2][3], The Schiffbau-Kommission recommended building a ship with heavy armor to protect it from enemy fire, one or two 10-centimeter (3.9 in) guns in the bow, deck-mounted launchers for the Whitehead torpedoes, and towed torpedoes to be used defensively against ramming. The Zara Class Heavy Cruisers (Zara, Fiume, Gorizia and Pola) were the most armored heavy cruisers built up to that time and even later, very few classes of cruisers equaled or exceeded the Zara in protection. [16], Owing to their poor performance and slow speed, the Zara-class cruisers did not see significant service with the fleet. The meeting concluded with the consensus that the new vessel should be built as a purely torpedo-armed vessel, with no armor and no heavy guns. The changes made to Sebenico during construction were meant to address the problem, but she was unable to reach her design speed either. May 8, 2019 - This Pin was discovered by Winston Gould. 199x | New tool + Actions Stash. Two of the Class, the Zara and Pola, appeared in the alternate history Japanese anime Strike Witches 2 episode "Higher than the Sky". Zara was transferred from Cattaro Bay to Pola in June 1917, but while en route, suffered a serious explosion that caused significant damage to her bow. Turrets and barbettes were as well protected by over 100 mm armour. 1 Basic 2 Upgrade 3 Quotes 3.1 Hourly Notifications (Kai) 3.2 Seasonal Quotes 4 Character 4.1 Personality 4.2 Appearance 5 Notes 5.1 Trivia 6 CG 7 See Also Pola Zara Class Heavy Cruiser Statistics HP 42 (44) Firepower 35 (59) Armor 35 (53) Torpedo 0 (32) Evasion 32 (58) AA 16 (64) Aircraft 6 ASW 0 Speed Fast LOS 9 (35) Range Long Luck 9 (49) Resource Consumption Fuel … This would prove to be a fatal omission. That's it. guns, and one 37 mm gun. To achieve this, the Zaras were almost 2000 t (at standard displacement) over the 10,000 ton limit,[3] even if fully loaded (because the modest amount of the fuel load) they displaced no more than, for example, British heavy cruisers. Zara-class heavy cruiser, Zara! The lead ship of the class, Zara, was laid down in July 1929. Sebenico served in a variety of auxiliary roles over the following five years, before joining Spalato in the artillery school in 1903; the three ships served in their training roles until the outbreak of World War I in July 1914, at which point they became guard ships. Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Italian naval ship classes of World War II, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Zara-class_cruiser?oldid=4443710, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls. All three ships were seized as war prizes by the victorious Allied powers after the war in 1918, and all three were awarded to Italy in 1920. Ironically, at beginning of 1941, a modest British attack, at night, over Naples hit Zara. In the meantime, Spaun made his report on British naval activities, which included the completion of Vesuvius and the introduction of twin-screw propulsion. The British battleships quickly sank all three Italian cruisers and two of their escorting destroyers in a one-sided gunfight, the only reaction being the aimless fire of a 40mm AA cannon from the already wrecked Zara. This new cruiser would become the Zara class. Sebenico received the most radical alteration; her stern was lengthened slightly to allow for finer hull lines, which would improve her hydrodynamic shape, though this too failed to provide a significantly higher speed. All trademarks are property of their respective owners in the US and other countries. During the late 1930s, the … Zara-class heavy cruiser "Zara", weigh anchor! However, overall anti-aircraft performance was not good, due to the slow tracking process and an inadequate fire control system, although the weapons were acceptable. The Austro-Hungarian Navy and its primary opponent, the Italian Navy, both adopted cautious strategies, since neither wanted to risk its fleet in the narrow waters of the Adriatic Sea, where naval mines and fast, torpedo-armed craft could operate effectively. Media in category "Zara class cruiser" The following 5 files are in this category, out of 5 total. Sebenico returned to active service in 1893, alternating between sea duty with the training squadron and harbor service as a training ship for engine-room personnel. your own Pins on Pinterest Among their numbers were the ships Zara, Fiume, Pola, and Gorizia. gun, two 15 cm (5.9 in) 26-cal. R.N. There were only two 113 kg (250 lb) bombs, launched at low altitude, but they pierced the hull and almost sank the ship. She shared the light construction of her sisters and the improved technology of the Zaras. guns, one 47 mm 44-cal. Pöck decided that the new vessel should incorporate the twin-screw, 15-knot requirement from the Schiffbau-Kommission proposal. gun and two 25 mm (0.98 in) Nordenfelt guns. Zara was the lead ship of the Zara class, a group of four heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina in the 1930s. This scheme followed, in fact, not quite a cruiser layout, but that of a small battleship. One odd feature was the aircraft catapult on the bow, which made it impossible to prepare for launch while firing, perhaps a minor consideration. The commissions were primarily concerned with several fundamental concerns, including whether the ship should be armored or not, whether it would only use the Whitehead torpedoes or it would also carry towed torpedoes, the propulsion system and whether it would include a sailing rig or not, and the speed the ship should be capable of reaching. [14] Sebenico was similarly modified in 1903; in addition to two 12 cm guns, she acquired one 6.6 cm gun, four 47 mm 33-cal. The Italian Zara Class of four heavy cruisers served during the Second World War. [17], The ships saw no action during the war, owing in large part to the nature of the Adriatic campaign. The Torpedoversuchs-Kommission recommended a vessel with submerged torpedo tubes, a ram bow, deck and waterline belt armor, and two heavy gun turrets if it were possible to install them without compromising the ability of the ship to use its torpedoes effectively. [3] In 1937, the aft 100 mm mounts were replaced by 37 mm/54 caliber Bredas[10] more useful for close defense, and in 1940, the 40 mm Vickers were replaced by 37 mm Bredas, also. In addition to the primary armour scheme, there was secondary armour: the upper deck was 20mm, and the flank hull above main belt was 30 mm. Fleet, ahead full! Sign in to disable ALL ads. They fought in the pacific and the Mediterranean: Perth participated in the Battle of Cape Matapan in March 1941, joined the pacific and was lost in action at the Battle of Sunda Straitin early 1942 (Guadalcanal). [citation needed] Four ships of the class were completed, Zara, Fiume, Pola and Gorizia, all of which saw extensive service during the war. [17] That year, Sebenico took part in the only significant period of fleet service, when she was sent to the island of Crete to participate in an international naval demonstration during Greco-Turkish War. In general, in order to be effective, armour should be roughly the same thickness as the diameter of the shells fired against it. Background on Zara Class Cruisers. Extras such as a high superstructure and torpedo tubes were removed in an effort to save weight, but in the end the ships ended up considerably "overweight" anyway. As a result, they spent most of the 1880s and 1890s laid up, being reactivated briefly for training exercises. All three ships were sold to the RAN (Royal Australian Navy), Phaeton was renamed Sydney in 1939, Amphion was renamed Perth and Apollo Hobart after a few years of British service under their launch names. To supplement their steam engines, each vessel had an auxiliary sailing barquentine rig with two masts and a sail area of 275.6 m2 (2,967 sq ft). The others ships were called FIUME, GORIZIA and POLA. All rights reserved. The Artillerie-Kommission proposed a smaller design with sufficient armor and a high speed but no guns. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. These included one 12 cm (4.7 in) 40-cal. Josef von Romako, the Chief Constructor of the Austro-Hungarian Navy, pointed out that such a vessel would have to be very large to allow it to reach high enough speeds for it to be able to use torpedoes effectively. Thus, the Zara-class heavy cruisers came into being, featuring vastly improved protection over the Trentos, equal firepower and at the cost of only slightly reduced mobility. The Trentos had been designed to the limitations of the Washington Naval Treaty, which stated that cruisers had to be 10,000 tons or less, and armed with 8-inch (200 mm) guns or smaller. [10], The ships were modified extensively in an attempt to rectify their machinery problems. Sortieing! They had a beam of 8.22 m (27 ft 0 in) and a draft of 4.1 m (13 ft 5 in). Valiant, astonishingly,[12] scored with her first salvo. [6] All these guns were reasonably modern, especially at their time, even if not outstanding performers. guns and four 47 mm 44-cal. [11][17], Torpedo cruiser class of the Austro-Hungarian Navy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zara-class_cruiser_(1879)&oldid=1007714382, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 February 2021, at 15:22. Even a won battle might seriously deplete Italian naval strength, something they were not prepared to address through sheer numbers. Pöck pointed out that the ship should not include heavy guns, and that two 12 cm (4.7 in) guns without armor would be sufficient; the only armor the ship was to have was a curved protective deck. [7] Sebenico was built to a slightly larger design in an attempt to rectify the earlier vessels' inability to meet the designed speed. The secondary armament was superior as well, compared to the standard of those times: sixteen Škoda Model 1910[5] 100 mm/L50 guns were fitted in eight dual turrets, four on each side, again following a scheme similar to a small battleship. The Zara class was a group of four heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy) in the late 1920s and the early 1930s. The launchers would be supplied with six torpedoes each. Trentos had sacrificed armor for speed, allowing them to make high-speed dashes up and down the long Italian coastline, which would otherwise be difficult to defend from Italy's widely separated naval bases. Pöck decided to await a report from then-Fregattenkapitän (Frigate Captain) Hermann von Spaun, the naval attache to Britain, who was observing British developments, including the construction of the torpedo gunboat HMS Vesuvius. This was particularly important as Italy's battleships were obsolete, and the new cruisers were needed to lead the Italian fleet. Zieten proved to be fast and maneuverable, qualities that made her well-suited to training and development of the German torpedo warfare arm. Sebenico was withdrawn from guard duties in 1918 and assigned to the torpedo school. As a result, they saw very little active service, spending much of their careers in reserve. The first two ships were armed with deck-mounted torpedo tubes, while Sebenico received an experimental tube in her bow, submerged below the waterline. You could also do … The engines drove a pair of bronze screws that were 2.74 m (9 ft 0 in) in diameter. Construction began in the 1920s as part of the Regia Marina’s plan to construct six heavy cruisers. The class comprised three ships, Zara, Spalato, and Sebenico; the last vessel was built to a slightly different design, and is sometimes not counted as a member of the class. [11][15] In 1917, Zara's armament consisted of two 6.6 cm guns, four 47 mm 33-cal. HMAS Hobart took part in the East African Campaign, B… Several other innovations, such as more powerful boilers improved Bolzano’s design. [8], France immediately responded with a new heavy cruiser of her own, Algérie, which was a close match for the Zaras when she launched in 1934. These thicknesses were reasonably good against destroyer and light cruiser weapons (typically between 5 in {127 mm} and 6 in {150 mm}), but insufficient against the 120 kg shells that 203 mm fired, capable of piercing even 150 mm at medium range. A small battleship other Italian heavy cruiser ) Pola adalah flags... hip Zara-class! Four 9-centimeter ( 3.5 in ) 26-cal ship had a crew of 13 officers and 135 enlisted.. Donate Zara-class cruiser ( 1879 ) [ 12 ] scored with her two bow tubes... Bridge structure yang lebih bulky jika dibandingkan dengan saudaranya bow torpedo tubes dibangun dengan structure! 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