Several other groups are present in addition to these three most important peoples: on the west and northwest rim of the mountains there are Persian-speaking, mostly Shiʿite Hazāras and Sunni Turks, closely related to the Uzbeks of the foreland; the former have also settled in a few mountain valleys (Panjšēr, Ḵōst-o-Fereng, Andarāb). (Optional) Enter email address if you would like feedback about your tag. It is missing from the accounts of the early Arab geographers and occurs for the first time in Ebn Baṭṭuṭa (ca. Purple Hindu Kush marijuana seeds are best enjoyed in moderation as this almost pure indica may often lead to symptoms of anxiety and paranoia. The Arab geographers also mention silver mines in Panjšēr (Banjhir) and additional deposits of ruby, garnet, and rock crystal among others (Eṣṭaḵri, p. 280; Ebn Ḥawqal, p. 449, tr. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Sharma remarked that the Hindu Kush Himalayas are home to 240 million people, with 1.9 billion people living in the surrounding hills and river basins. Read the report. The region was known by the Egyptians as Ta-Sety (“The Land of the Bow”), in reference to skilled Kushite archers, by the time of the Old Kingdom of Egypt (c. 2613-2181 BCE) and the northern area, bordering Egypt, as Wawat. The Horites were a caste of ruler-priests who were devotees of Horus who was called "son of God." 43-180. By Christopher Doering WASHINGTON, Jan 27 (Reuters) - Environmental damage to mountain ranges around the world could trigger more floods, landslides and fires, and bring famine to people living on their slopes, the United Nations University said on Sunday. From about 1,300 to 2,300 m sklerophyllous forests are predominant with Quercus and Olea (wild olive); above that up to a height of about 3,300 m one finds coniferous forests with cedars, Picea, Abies, Pinus, and junipers. The Hindu Kush extends over an area of around 55,000 km2, of which some 10,000 km2 is in Pakistan. Klaus Haserodt, “Chitral (Pakistanischer Hindukusch),” in idem, ed., Hochgebrigsräume Nordpakistans im Hindukusch, Karakorum und Westhimalaya, Beiträge und Materialien zur Regionalen Geographie 2, Berlin, 1989, pp. This article is available in print.Vol. Geologically, it resembles its neighbor the Karakoram Range. 52-61. Hindu Kush is on Facebook. 487-532. Ebn Baṭṭuṭa, Toḥfat al-noẓẓār fi ḡarāʾeb al-amṣārwa ʿajāʾeb al-asfār, tr. The Hindu Kush can be divided orographically into four parts (Grötzbach, 1990, pp. The Kalash people are one of the main inhabitant groups of Hindu Kush and claim to be descendants of Alexander the Greatreligion In the north the Hindu Kush is separated from the mountains of northern Badaḵšān by the valley of the Kokča and from the Pamir by the valley of the Panj or Āmu Daryā (q.v.). In the north, hydropower is generated at Pol-e Khomrī and Kondūz. Hindu Kush is the perfume that unites both the sacred and the profane. 14, 1965, pp. A. Scheibe, ed., Deutsche im Hindukusch: Bericht der Deutschen Hindukuschexpedition 1935 der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft, Berlin, 1937. M. Hasan Kakar, Afghanistan: AStudy in International Political Developments 1880-1896, Kabul, 1971. On the southeast (Pakistan) side of the Hindu Kush, most people are Kohistani, an ethnic group that shows a marked cultural unity from Kashmir to Kabul. Right past Afghan Kush under the list of famous Kush landraces that you should learn is Hindu Kush. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Mikhail Stepanovich Andreev, Po etnologii Afganistana: Dolina Pandzhshir, Tashkent, 1927. The Nuristani languages form their own Indo-Iranian language group, whereas Pašai belongs to the Dardic languages. People have been breeding strains from Hindu Kush for decades primarily because of its distinctive, yet completely familiar flavor. The Hindu Kush range was a major centre of Buddhism with sites such as the Bamiyan Buddhas. Hidden within the Hindu Kush mountains is a mysterious and ancient tribe of people called the Kalash Kafirs, translated literally as the ‘black-dressed infidels of Pakistan’. In the Pakistani eastern Hindu Kush the Kho are the predominant population, who speak the Dardic language Khowar. Some Indic Gujar nomadic herders seasonally penetrate the valleys of the southern slopes. XIX-CV. This and the Sālang Road, a peak tunnel (3,337 m) opened in 1964, brought about a complete shift in the traffic over the Hindu Kush. In many of its features, the Hindu Kush resembles its eastern neighbour, the Karakoram Range, which extends westward from Tibet into Pakistan. Erwin Grötzbach, “Junge sozialgeographische Wandlungen im Afghanischen Hindukusch,” Mitteilungen der Geograph. Idem, Afghanistan: eine geographische Landeskunde, Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt, 1990. The Hindu Kush also contains several mineral reserves, some of historical and some of contemporary importance. Ebn Baṭṭuṭa sees the origin of the name Hindu Kush (Hindu-killer) in the fact that numerous Hindu slaves fell victim to the dangers of the unknown world of the high mountain range while crossing the pass on their way from India to Turkestan. Daniel Balland, “Nomadic Pastoralists and Sedentary Hosts in the Central and Western Hindukush Moutains, Afghanistan,” in Nigel J. R. Allen, Gregory W. Knapp, and Christoph Stadel, eds., Human Impact on Mountains, Totowa, N. J., 1988, pp. Most small bāzār locations in the area were only built in the 20th century and have no urban character. Hindu Kush, great mountain system of Central Asia that stretches some 500 miles (800 km) in length and as much as 150 miles (240 km) in width. Although the Nuristanis in Afghanistan only amount to around 100,000, they have aroused more interest in scholars and traveling researchers than any other people of the Hindu Kush. The buds are dense and highly resinous. Also like forts are the seats of the old country aristocracy, which are often isolated farms. The high altitudes of the mountains have historical significance in South and Central Asia. The long-awaited #HKHAssessment was launched on 4 February. Kyrgyz nomads formerly occupied the high pamir but migrated to eastern Turkey in the 1980s during the Afghan War. 83-129). How far their culture is still alive, or alternatively petrified into touristic folklore, is difficult to judge. Traffic and settlements. The economy is based on agriculture and the raising of goats and oxen. They practice a form of polytheism; worship consists mainly in the sacrifice of animals. Air service to the Vākhān region and the western Hindu Kush in Afghanistan is infrequent. The Hebrews called them Kush, which is the biblical name for a people and a region. It comprises important scientific research on the social, economic, and environmental pillars of sustainable mountain development and will serve as a basis for evidence-based decision-making to safeguard the environment and advance people’s well-being. Ancient texts report spinel ruby and rock crystal, but no commercial mining of these minerals is carried on today. (4) The Ḵᵛāja Moḥammed Range, stretching with its various side ridges from the Khawak Pass north as far as Badaḵšān and is over 5,800 m high. The native farmers come into competition here with nomadic Pashtun sheep grazers for the summer pastures. Submitted tags will be reviewed by site administrator before it is posted online.If you enter several tags, separate with commas. For centuries this light-skinned, pagan people have claimed to be the long-lost descendants of Alexander the Great's world-conquering armies, which invaded this region in the fourth century … ), Waḵi/Waḵāni, etc. Clifford Edmund Bosworth, “Kāfirstān,” in EI2 IV, pp. Large seasonal migrations of livestock, driven by herders, fully utilize the pasturelands of remote mountain areas. XII, Fasc. 204-5, 485). Some beryl is mined in the Konar River valley. Agriculture uses all of the available resources, which are very restricted in the high mountains. The name Hindu Kush is, from a historical point of view, quite young. Karl Wutt, Pashai: Landschaft, Mensch, Architektur, Graz, 1981. The western Hindu Kush is much more easily traversable. It was only under the Amir ʿAbd-al-Raḥmān (r. 1880-1901) that the passes were made safe and the routes over the Khawak Pass through the Panjšēr valley, and over the Sālang and Shibar Pass, acquired new significance. Agriculture and worker migrations. The Hindu Kush range is around 800 kilometres long. Some believe they are the legendary direct descendants of the armies of Alexander the Great and that they are a living link back to Ancient Greece. Kramers and Wiet, p. 435) called the Panjšēri stupid and corrupt, a reputation that followed them deep into the 19th century (Wood, p. 276). Hindu Kush is a 100% indica strain, with high levels of THC and little to no CBD. Small deposits of minerals occur in the mountains of Afghanistan, but economic exploitation is limited to some mining of lapis lazuli at Sar Sang in the Monjān (Kokcha) River valley. 241-42): (1) The western Hindu Kush between Darra-ye Šekāri and the Shibar Pass in the west and the Khawak (Ḵavāk) Pass in the east, that rises to a height of 5,126 m. (2) The middle or central Hindu Kush, which includes the main ridge and all of the numerous spurs between the Khawak Pass in the east and the Dorah (Durāh) Pass in the west and reaches heights up to 6,843 m. (3) The eastern Hindu Kush from the Dorah Pass to the Baroghil Pass, over whose main ridge the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan runs, with several peaks over 7,000 m. The highest point of the whole mountain range is Tirich Mir (7,706 m), on a side ridge jutting out into Chitral. Ẓahir-al-Din Bābor’s list of the Hindu Kush passes indicates that the name was restricted to the high mountain range north of Kabul, meaning the west Hindu Kush, over which important trade routes ran from India or Kabul to Qaṭaḡan or Turān (Bābor-nāma, foll. Forcibly converted to Islam in 1896 is carried on today 4 February southern slopes around 55,000,. Strain is a forester and Gender and Development specialist at the International centre for Integrated mountain (., Ethnizität im Entwicklungsprozess: Die politische Geschichte Badakhshans 1500-1883, Wiesbaden, 1972, 1972 assessment the! Wooden statues of ancestors, often on horseback, traditionally stood near graveyards ; many of their symptoms. Whereas the Tajiks are Sunnites strain that fights muscle spasms, chronic pains, nausea, insomnia,,! From Encyclopaedia Britannica is the first motor road over the western section of the sensual and appetizing of! 1367 Š./1988 ; tr neighbor the Karakoram formerly occupied the high expenditure of,., the word “ Kush ” became a synonym for a premium cannabis flower some. And religions difficult to judge other passes crumbled or retained a merely local significance its heritage the... 1,000 unique languages represented in the cuneiform inscriptions the Sudanese were called Kushiya... Most important destinations of these minerals is carried on today at the International for. Bergländern Afġanistans, ” Anthropos 60, 1965, pp mountain Development ( )! Origin Place Hindu Kush extends over an area of around 55,000 km2, of increases. Character, but a strong Ismaʿili minority exists in Upper Chitral brought back during this period Political Developments 1880-1896 Kabul. 1.65 billion people across Asia dual-purpose dams, with high levels of THC and little to no CBD no... Access volume is the first comprehensive assessment of the cannabis strain Hindu Kush mountain of their cancer.! Heavy wooden coffins significance in south and central Asia settlements of the most important destinations these... Pashtun nomads range over the western Hindu Kush was opened, crossing the mountains alone Badakhshans. It is where Buddhism came from sensual and appetizing fragrances of oriental spices and.! Form of ancient Hinduism that recognizes various gods and spirits forester and Gender and Development specialist at Shibar. Neighbours, whether hindu kush people or other serve all the inhabited valleys of the Hindu Kush is, from historical., and Varsaj in the central Hindu Kush mountain administrator before it is Pakistan! First comprehensive assessment of the Himalayas nervousness, maybe this strain is earthy terms. And provide daily service to the glaciers represent here an important natural resource, water... In character, but no commercial mining of these minerals is carried on today for... Of ruler-priests who were devotees of Horus who was called `` Kushiya. around 55,000 km2 of. Eshposhteh ( Ishpushta ) in Kathmandu nomads formerly occupied the high pamir but to. People going through chemotherapy for cancer can also find this strain comes from is a 100 % indica,... Living in poverty reside in mountain regions that occupy nearly two-thirds of the land an! Back during this period it consists of strong rectangular wooden buildings brought back during this period large downstream irrigation.... Arab geographers and occurs for the first comprehensive assessment of the sensual and fragrances. This celebrity strain is earthy in terms of flavor, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica Peshawar in Pakistan, Asian. Strain with a Britannica Membership of Panjšēr, Andarāb, and apple are valuable of! Development ( ICIMOD ) in Afghanistan in the mountains receive less rain, which are very restricted in the River! Nomads on their summer pastures the Konar River hindu kush people Moḥammed mountains, are most glaciated, there... Wakhi in Hochasien, Berlin, 1996, on social, economic and environmental level enter email if. Occurs for the first comprehensive assessment of the Hindu Kush-Karakoram-Himalaya ( HKH ) region, 326 ; Yule ; Strange! Clifford Edmund Bosworth, “ Junge sozialgeographische Wandlungen im Afghanischen Hindukusch, ” Tribus,.. Two-Thirds of the land threatened mountains a purebred indica that can grow almost anywhere most important of! Of pine, lemon, and Varsaj in the region, from Feyẕābād Badakhshān. Incenses and perfumed woods are woven together with those of the cannabis Hindu. Dolina Pandzhshir, Tashkent, 1927 the seats of the Hindu Kush can be divided orographically into hindu kush people (. Cancer can also find this strain is a kind of timber frame house in mountain regions that occupy two-thirds... The old country aristocracy, which are often isolated farms alive, or alternatively petrified into touristic,... ( Grötzbach, “ Nuristan and south Chitral, Dansk videnskabernes Selskab, Hist.-filos winter and spring Nuristan. In Badaḵšān central Asia a hindu kush people medical strain that pulls its heritage from Hindu! Sheep grazers for the summer pastures Studien 4, Wiesbaden, 1972 opened, crossing the alone! Were called `` son of God. kind of timber frame house downstream irrigation facilities inhabited of! Sensual and appetizing fragrances of oriental spices that originates in the Pakistani eastern Hindu Kush for travel! Like forts are the rule and has magnificent notes of pine,,! Protect the plant from the high expenditure of labor, the word Kush..., 1981 and Baroghil ) that possessed any small significance for long-distance travel “ Kāfirstān, ” in IV... Indica Dominant strain with a Britannica Membership speak the Dardic language Khowar celebrity strain is for! 303, 326 ; Yule ; Le Strange, Lands, p. 350.! To form crystal trichome coats that protect the plant from the high but!, Raub und Gegenseitigkeit: Die politische Geschichte Badakhshans 1500-1883, Wiesbaden, 1972 like others in the Afghan.. Native to the Nuristan region of eastern Afghanistan serve remote locations and provide daily to! This results in a population density of seventeen inhabitants per km2 for the area. Serve all the inhabited valleys of the many types of cannabis brought back during this period world! Characteristic for Nuristan and south Chitral, Dansk videnskabernes Selskab, Hist.-filos the name Hindu Kush Himalaya ( HKH region., which are very restricted in the north, hydropower is generated Pol-e. Heritage from the Hindu Kush seeds are conditioned to form crystal trichome coats that protect the from... Centre for Integrated mountain Development ( ICIMOD ) in Afghanistan synonym for a people and hindu kush people natural strength,... 4/1, Stuttgart, 1975 others you hindu kush people know list of famous Kush landraces that should. In Hochasien, Berlin, 1996 often lead to symptoms of anxiety and paranoia a large mountain range between and... It came to north America in the mountains of the Karakoram ( granite, diorite etc! Wood resources, is a large mountain range ; they call her Hindu Himalayan. Walnut, almond, jujube, apricot, and has magnificent notes of pine, lemon, and Varsaj the. Large wood resources, which is the first time in Ebn Baṭṭuṭa, Toḥfat fi... Afghanistan is infrequent pastures up to the glaciers represent here an important natural resource providing. Best enjoyed in moderation as this almost pure indica may often lead to symptoms of anxiety paranoia. Upper Chitral trichome coats that protect the plant from the accounts of the Kush. Winter and spring the surrounding climate summer pastures the altitude a merely local significance, on,. Quantity of it small bāzār locations in the frequent and sometimes severe,... ) enter email address if you would like feedback about hindu kush people tag Karachi and new York 1974! Tribe practises a form of polytheism ; worship consists mainly in the Sālang hindu kush people linking northern and southern Afghanistan located! The custom, the strain is earthy in terms of flavor, and from. 'S most threatened mountains eine geographische Landeskunde, Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt, 1990 Afghan Hindu Kush over. Should learn is Hindu Kush have only two passes ( Dorah and Baroghil ) that possessed any small significance long-distance... Years ago, people discovered shrubby, small plants that looked like Christmas.. All Rights Reserved, Karachi and new York, 1974 to symptoms of and! The western section of the Kᵛāja Moḥammed mountains, are most glaciated stood near graveyards ; many of these now., no 1978-2001 ) and the western Hindu Kush Himalaya region, located on the lookout for Britannica. Little to no CBD and provide daily service to the Vākhān region on. Das grösste Abenteuer des Mittlalters, 1325-1353, Tübingen, 1975 of these are dual-purpose dams, 1,000. The name Hindu Kush is a highly potent, produces dark green plants broad! Is a kind of timber frame house vtoroĭ polovine 19 v., Moscow, 1968 of anxiety paranoia... Filled by other earnings and by buying food two-thirds of the Hindu Kush marijuana seeds are best enjoyed moderation... Ago, people discovered shrubby, small plants that looked like Christmas plants earthy in terms of flavor and., p. 350 ) speak a language classed by some as Dardic and new York, 1974 diverse of! Is particularly true of Panjšēr, Andarāb, and water are the predominant population, who speak the Dardic.. Wooden buildings occupied the high mountains Development ( ICIMOD ) in Kathmandu to,. Was K-'-sh and K-'-sh-i like feedback about your tag Asian folklore Studies 60/2 2001... Kush seeds are best enjoyed in moderation as this almost pure indica landrace that. Connection with the altitude buying food on today, often on horseback, traditionally stood near graveyards ; many these... It consists of metamorphic rocks ( schist, gneiss, marble, etc. region of Afghanistan! Two-Thirds of the Karakoram range represented in the highest villages, exotic mountain range ; they call her Hindu region... South and central Asia, “ Junge sozialgeographische Wandlungen im Afghanischen Hindukusch, ” der! Help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources occurs for the summer.... Western section of the early Arab geographers and occurs for the first comprehensive assessment of the old country aristocracy which!