intentional destruction of art examples

The property of religious, charitable and educational institutions, and of art and science, even when state property, are assimilated to private property, and all seizure of, and destruction or intentional damage done to such institutions, to historical monuments, works of art or science is prohibited (Art. Also, remember that a civil infraction results in an award of damages to a plaintiff, whereas a criminal infraction may result in imprisonment of the defendant. noun. The group considers representational art idolatrous, and as a result, works of art at museums, mosques, and churches have become targets of its hammers, axes, bulldozers, and bombs. The destruction or looting of sites and objects of cultural significance, especially when intentional, can create lasting resentments and obstacles to peace. [48] On 2 August 2009, a Russian woman, distraught over being denied French citizenship, threw a terracotta mug or teacup, purchased at the museum, at the painting in the Louvre; the vessel shattered against the glass enclosure. Many works of art have been damaged or destroyed by accident. The use of bulletproof glass has shielded the Mona Lisa from more recent attacks. The vase was pieced together and underwent several further repairs, all not entirely successful. JusticeInfo: Why do you think this trial is important? Numerous acts of vandalism against art exhibits are known and some objects, such as Mona Lisa, Night Watch and The Little Mermaid, have been intentionally damaged several times. Part 6, 10648/ab7a20fc-d0b4-102d-bcf8-003048976d84, The conservation history of the Portland Vase, "Inglorious Restorations. On 24 April 1964, the statue's head was sawn off and stolen by politically oriented artists of the Situationist movement. The vase's appearance became satisfactory only after its most recent restoration in 1987. In 2004, an activist group cut off the hand of the leftmost Congolese bronze figure, in protest against the atrocities committed in the Congo. Shafrazi was ostensibly protesting Richard Nixon's pardon of William Calley for the latter's actions during the My Lai massacre. In 1970, John Baldessari and five other artists destroyed all the paintings Baldessari had created between 1953 and 1966 in a bonfire. [3], In 1974, Tony Shafrazi wrote "KILL LIES ALL" with red spray paint over the work Guernica by Pablo Picasso. 23(g) prohibiting destruction of enemy’s property unless “impera-tively demanded by the necessities of war”. [51][52] In 1975, William de Rijk, an unemployed school teacher, cut dozens of zigzag lines in the painting with a knife before he was wrestled by the guards. [1] More visible acts of vandalism were premeditated, as the tool of destruction – a knife, paint, acid or hammer – was intentionally brought to the scene. Art destruction involves the damaging or destruction of works of art. Richardson left seven slashes on the painting,[11][12] all of which have been successfully repaired. This was done to draw attention to police brutality. In other instances, works of art may destroyed by a local authority against the wishes of the outside community. In other instances, works of art may destroyed by a local authority against the wishes of the outside community. [17], A rather unusual case, which might not qualify as vandalism, occurred in 1908. Arthur Kleinman, a Harvard psychiatrist and medical anthropology professor, notes that such destruction of culture is often specific and intentional. [45], Hans-Joachim Bohlmann (1937–2009) was a German serial vandal. It was an artistic act provoked by the power of Art". The destruction of the monumental Buddhas of Bamiyan, Afghanistan by the Taliban in 2001 eventually resulted in the adoption of the Declaration concerning the Intentional Destruction of Cultural Heritage by the UNESCO General Conference (2003 UNESCO Declaration). UNESCO considers the intentional destruction of cultural heritage a war crime, but ISIS has been known to ostentatiously do just that. The head was never recovered and a new head was produced and attached to the statue. First attempts to remove the mark using about 30 various chemicals were unsuccessful. On 8 March 2006, green paint was poured over the statue and a dildo was attached to its hand. [40], In 2007, the painting The Triumph of David by Ottavio Vannini (1640), exhibited at the Milwaukee Art Museum, was attacked by a 21-year-old man with a history of mental illness. In the spring the museum erected an outdoor sculpture by the artist Sam Durant that … Despite claiming to have a heart condition, a police investigation revealed that the act was deliberate and he was jailed for five years. The permanent recording of the sacking on the Temple in Jerusalem, over and above the physical act of destruction itself, is telling. On June 13 2012, Uriel Landeros spray painted a bull and a matador and wrote "Conquista" with black spray paint over the work Woman in a Red Armchair by Pablo Picasso. Defendant Sentenced for Intentional Destruction of Data, Credit Card Fraud and Aggravated Identity Theft. He then shot the drawing The Virgin and Child with St Anne and St John the Baptist by Leonardo da Vinci from a distance of about 2 meters (7 feet). On 13 January 1911, an unemployed navy cook tried to cut it with a knife, but could not cut through the thick varnish on the painting. Between 1977 and 2006, he damaged over 50 paintings worth more than 270 million Deutsche Marks (about 138 million euros) by Rubens, Rembrandt, Dürer and other artists. (‘the cultural heritage of all humanity’) by criminalising the intentional destruction of cultural heritage. (noun) [60][61], During the George Floyd protests, the public sculpture Serve & Protect in Salt Lake City's Public Safety Building was vandalized. "Florida artist smashes $1m vase by Chinese dissident artist Ai Weiwei", "NASA - Destructive Power of Atomic Oxygen Used to Restore Artwork", French court tries woman for kissing painting, Woman Who Kissed Painting With Red Lipstick Gets Community Service, A very bling bling kiss – News From The Court – Arty Parade, or art in three dimensions, Le baiser volé de Rindy Sam lui coûte 18.840 euros, Restoring a Leonardo Drawing That Was Hit by a Shotgun Blast, Two Matisse paintings damaged in Rome exhibit, Fox Theater's rebirth ushered in city's renewal, "Visitor attacks valuable painting – April 5, 2007", https://www.abc.net.au/news/2007-10-08/intruders-severely-damage-monet-painting/692070, "The moment vandal was caught punching Monet", "Restored Monet returned to National Gallery", "Russian tourist hurls mug at Mona Lisa in Louvre", Slashes famous picture. A piece of art that gives expression to such blasphemy must be destroyed. [27], In 1912, a young woman kissed the forehead, eyes and nose of a portrait by François Boucher in the Louvre. Under tort law, seven intentional torts exist. Many vandals were diagnosed with a mental disorder and some, such as Hans-Joachim Bohlmann, had a history of attacking artworks. [14], In September 1969, unidentified persons left long scratches in five paintings at the Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, with most damage inflicted to the Holy Family by Lorenzo Costa. The paint was removed with relative ease from the varnished surface. A man, later judged insane, first threw sulfuric acid on the canvas and then cut it twice with a knife. The Statute of … With three knife blows, he cut through the faces of both Ivans. A former Davie, Florida resident was sentenced to seven years in prison for intentionally damaging a protected computer belonging to his former employer and making unauthorized purchases with credit card numbers belonging to others. There have been many efforts by archiviststo preserve the remains of ancient sites. In 2017, a terror suspect attacked guards of the Louvre museum with machetes and was found carrying "bombs of aerosol paint" intended to "disfigure the masterpieces of the museum. [42], In 2012 a 49-year old man named Andrew Shannon punched a large hole in Claude Monet's Argenteuil Basin with a Single Sailboat, valued at €10 million, while it was being displayed at the National Gallery of Ireland. The entire central part of the composition was virtually destroyed. The theft, trafficking and destruction of cultural heritage sites, art and antiquities is a tradition as old as the cultures they represent. [59], Paint has been poured on the statue several times, including one episode in 1963 and two in March and May 2007. 10 plagues of Egypt. [35], In 1996 Canadian multi-media artist Jubal Brown vandalised Raoul Dufy's Harbor at le Havre in the Art Gallery of Ontario in Toronto, and Piet Mondrian's Composition With Red and Blue in the Museum of Modern Art in New York by deliberately vomiting primary colors on them. [9] A vast amount of damage consists of leaving a minor scratch, a stuck chewing gum, a pencil mark and so on, and usually escapes publicity. The term originated from the invasion of Rome in 455 by the East Germanic tribe of Vandals, which resulted in destruction of numerous artworks, and was quickly adopted across Europe. 1500-1300 B.C. Balashev was found mentally ill and restricted to a psychiatric hospital. "[8], On 16 January 1913, a 29-year-old iconographer Abram Balashev attacked the painting Ivan the Terrible and His Son Ivan by Ilya Repin in the Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow. The Pope himself brought roses and prayed before the sculpture. 1975). Bohlmann had a personality disorder and was treated in various psychiatric hospitals since a young age. Sodom and Gomorrah. During the court case, he said in his defense:[7]. After serving time in prison, the offender slashed another Newman painting. Severed head on 24 April 1964, the statue in its new form, the... So that they can not win pellets did not penetrate the protective glass, but was mentally... Value of the sacking on the paintings to virtually destroy them. `` 4,000 to 5,000 visitors daily with value... 24 April 1964, the maximum allowed for destruction of the drawing took more than a year complete! It is viewed by about 4,000 to 5,000 visitors daily with its value estimated at $ 925,000 the... Attached to the new York Times, as early as September of,... Was sawn off and stolen by politically oriented artists of the Situationist movement Center in Minneapolis found dangerous. 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Of them are personal: assault, battery, intentional infliction of emotional distress and. Artists destroyed all the paintings Baldessari had created between 1953 and 1966 in court. This can happen through a natural process, an accident, or deliberate human.! 46 ], on 15 June 1985, Rembrandt 's Night Watch ( 1642 is! As September of 2014, reports of looting of sites and objects of heritage... Ill and restricted to a psychiatric institution in Italy ill and restricted to a psychiatric.., a Harvard psychiatrist and medical anthropology professor, notes that such destruction cultural. The other three are trespass to chattels, trespass to chattels, trespass to property, traces... The wall, stomping on it several Times or special event highlighting destruction... Art for religious or ideological reasons by archiviststo preserve the remains of ancient sites occurred in 1908 both,. Archiviststo preserve the remains of ancient sites Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam many vandals were with... Be part of the original artist or of the Art-Law Centre at the University of Geneva here. 50 ] in 1990, a rather unusual case, which was an! Considers the intentional destruction of Data, Credit Card Fraud and Aggravated Theft... Destruction takes place during a ceremony or special event highlighting the destruction of enemy s... Of another student 's science fair project so that they can not win turned from! Of looting of sites and objects of cultural heritage of all humanity ’ ) by criminalising the intentional destruction cultural! Penetrate the protective glass, but was found mentally ill and restricted to a psychiatric hospital worth...

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