climate and climatic zones in himachal pradesh

Monsoon se Madhya Pradesh (/ ˌ m ʌ ð j ə p r ə ˈ ð eɪ ʃ /, Hindi: [ˈmədʱjə pɾəˈdeːʃ] (); meaning Central Province) is a state in central India.Its capital is Bhopal, and the largest city is Indore, with Jabalpur, Gwalior, Ujjain and Satna being the other major cities. o This can be done by spraying sulphur dioxide into the upper atmosphere. The Mandi lies on 756m above sea level Mandi's climate is classified as warm and temperate.  Agro-climatic zones of india An “Agro-climatic zone” is a land unit in terms of major climates, suitable for a certain range of crops and cultivars. With the 329 million hectares of the geographical area the country presents a large number of complex agro-climatic situations. The highest rainfall occurs in Kangra district followed by Shimla district. Himachal Pradesh is located between 75o 45' 55" E to 79o 04' 20" E longitudeand 30o 22' 40" N to 33o 12' 40" N latitude. SHIVALIK HILL ZONE : Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level, It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. It lies from 1,801 to 2,200 meters above sea level with humid temperate climate and alpine pastures. The height from the mean sea level varies from 350 to 6975 meters. It occupies about 8% of the geographical and 2% of the total cultivated area of the State. This zone has very good potential for the cultivation of cash crops like Off-Season Vegetables, Ginger and production of quality seeds of temperate vegetables like Cauliflower and root crops. The State is bordered by Jammu & Kashmir on North, Punjab on West and South-West, Haryana on South, Uttar Pradesh on South-East and China on the East. 2nd Floor, Dainik Bhaskar Building, In the remaining parts of the state, the mean annual temperature is less than 15 degree Centigrade. Shimla district has tropical upland type climate with mild and dry winter and short warm summer. -areas of Chamba, kangra, Bilaspur, hamirpur etc. This zone has very good potential for the cultivation of cash crops like Off-Season Vegetables, Ginger and production of quality seeds of temperate vegetables like Cauliflower and root crops. The planet’s oceans and glaciers have also experienced some big changes – oceans are warming and becoming more acidic, ice caps are melting, and sea levels are rising. In the southern low tracks between an altitude of 400-900 it is hot sub humid type, between 900-1800m altitude warm & temperate, between 900-2400m cool & temperate, cold alpine & glacial above 2400- 4800m altitude. Mean annual temperature is higher in western parts of the state and it decreases gradually towards north and eastern parts, as the altitude increases. Please select a city you wish to travel to or the one closest to your destination. Agro-climatic Zones in Himachal Pradesh- Himachal Pradesh is divided into 4 Agro-Climatic Zones. Climate Sub -Tropical consists of foothills and valley area having elevation from 350m to 650 m above sea level. Sup types. in the Higher and Trans-Himalayan region).The various factors which are responsible for climate variation in Himachal Pradesh are : Temperature of Himachal Pradesh : There are striking variations in the mean annual temperature in the state. SHIVALIK HILL ZONE : Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level, It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. The state of Himachal Pradesh, India is a hilly region and it experiences a pleasant Climate through out the year. It occupies about 8% of the geographical and 2% of the total cultivated area of the State. Draught in Himachal Pradesh : Draught over an area is defined as a situation when in the monsoon season (june- september ) rainfall over the area is less than 75 % of its long term average value. HIGH HILL ZONE : It lies from 1,801 to 2,200 meters above sea level with humid temperate climate and alpine pastures. Based on weather reports collected during 2005–2015. Geographical Regions of Himachal Pradesh (Shiwalik, Doons and Low Valleys, Outer Valleys of Sub Himalaya, Mid Hill Tracts of High Himalaya, High hills and Valleys and Inner Zones). In the southern low tracks between an altitude of 400-900 it is... Shimla district has tropical upland type climate with mild and dry winter and short warm summer. if details not recieved, Climate and Climatic zones of Himachal Pradesh. The climate varies from hot and subhumid tropical in the southern tracts to, with more elevation, cold, alpine, and glacial in the northern and eastern mountain ranges. Himachal Pradesh experience a wide variety of climatic conditions, ranging from areas, receiving very heavy rain fall to the cold, almost rainless deserts of lahau spiti and pooh. In the first climatic zone i.e., up to height of 4,000 ft. (1200 m approx. Stamp’s Classification of Climatic Regions of India. Maximum rainfall occurs during the months of July and August. 1. During winter months, a fairly good amount of rainfall and snowfall is also recieved from western disturbances throughout the state.In general rainfall follows altitudnal patterns and increases from plains to hills. SHIVALIK HILL ZONE : Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level, It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. The major crops grown are Wheat,Barley, Pseudo-cereals like Buck wheat and Amaranthus. Average monthly precipitation over the year (rainfall, snow) 3. In the central, southwestern and southeastern parts of the state, rainfall ranges between 1,000 and 2,000 mm. According to geographical features of Himachal Pradesh , it has 3 climatic zones of Himachal Pradesh : 1. RAINFALL, CLIMATE AND TEMPERATURE OF HIMACHAL PRADESH Due to variation in elevation (350m-7025m) the climatic conditions are also variable in the state.The climatic conditions vary from hot and subhumid tropical in the south-west to temperate, cold, alpine and glacial in the Northern and Eastern high mountains. Agro-climatic Zones in Himachal Pradesh- Himachal Pradesh is divided into 4 Agro-Climatic Zones. Climate and climatic zones in Himachal Pradesh. A year is considered as a ‘drought year’ when the area affected by moderate and severe drought either individually or together is 20- 40% of the total area of the country and seasonal rainfall deficiency during southwest monsoon season for the country as a whole is at least 10% or more. Broadly Himachal experience three seasons; hot weather season, cold weather season and rainy season. The Shivalik ranges (the height from plain upto 915 metres); Colder Zone (the height is about 4500 metres); and. The average monthly temperature of the summer months varies from 26 C in the lower outer valleys to 14 degree Centigrade in the inner valley zone, and that of winter months from 13 degree Centigrade to 4 degree Centigrade. There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres). Geography of Himachal Pradesh: Relief, Drainage, Vegetation cover and types. Each selected city will show you the following graphs: 1. (60 inches).  Agro-climatic zones of india An “Agro-climatic zone” is a land unit in terms of major climates, suitable for a certain range of crops and cultivars. Amritsar Airport is 95 miles from Dharamshala, so the actual climate in Dharamshala can vary a bit. Average minimum and maximum temperature over the year 2. With the changing average weather pattern in the state it becomes very important for society and government to sustainably utilise the resources and should not imbalance the environment otherwise the effects are going to more dangerous. The major crops grown are Wheat,Barley, Pseudo-cereals like Buck wheat and Amaranthus. Snowfall is common in alpine tracts (generally above 2,200 metres i.e. Climate data and weather averages in Dharamshala. The commonly grown crops are Wheat, Barley, Lesser Millets, Pseudo-cereals (Buckwheat and Amaranthus), Maize and Potato etc. Chamba district experiences, humid subtropical type climate having mild winter, long hot summer and moist all season. From these regions, the rainfall declines gradually towards the northern and eastern parts of the state. By: Pooja Sharda ProfileResourcesReport error, Compendiem of Weekly Current affairs articles, categorized on the basis of subjects, Weekly current affairs quiz for your exam, multiple choice questions, to testify your current gk. Patiala is 99 miles from Mandi, so the actual climate in Mandi can vary a bit. Agro-climatically the state can be divided into four zones viz.:-1. It is ideally suited for the production of quality Seed Potato, temperate and European type of Vegetables and their Seeds, Seed Potato, Peas as green and seed purposes. Due to rain shadow effect of the Dhauladhar and Pir Panjal ranges, rainfall starts decreasing towards Lahaul-Spiti and Kinnaur. Temperature in general decreases from south to north. It Comprises of Lahaul-Spiti and Kinnaur Districts and Pangi Tehsil of Chamba District lying about 2,200 meters above mean sea level. A total of 23 droughts have occurred in the state of which 20 were moderate and 3 have been severe over the 1879-2009 time periods with the drought probability of 17 % and with four instances of consecutive droughts over two years. Solan Climate (India) >>Solan Weather by month // weather averages >>Solan Climate graph // Weather by Month >>Solan average temperature >>Solan Weather; Solan climate summary The Solan lies on 1532m above sea level The climate in Solan is warm and temperate. The commonly grown crops are Wheat, Barley, Lesser Millets, Pseudo-cereals (Buckwheat and Amaranthus), Maize and Potato etc. Himachal Pradesh is enlisted under the frequent drought (10-20% probability) prone areas as per Indian Meteorological Department’s (IMD) classification of drought incidences from 1875-2004 periods. – elevation -upto 1500m. With the 329 million hectares of the geographical area the country presents a large number of complex agro-climatic situations. In dhauldhar and Pir panjal ranges, rainfall start decreaing towards Lahaul spiti and Kinnaur. Climate is the statistics of weather over long periods of time. 9501114404 See instructions, PAPER-IV: GENERAL STUDIES-I – History and Culture,Geography and Disaster Management, PAPER-V: GENERAL STUDIES-II- Polity and International Relations, PAPER-VI: GENERAL STUDIES-III- Economy, Science Tech and Environment, HPPCS Prelims Exam - Test Series and Notes Program, HPPCS Prelims and Mains Tests Series and Notes Program, 13.10.17 (RPSC) Rajasthan Current Affairs, Syllabus and Pattern of HPPCS Prelims Exam. In Mandi, the average annual temperature is 21.7 °C | 71.0 °F. Most of the rainfall in Himachal Pradesh originates from the southwestern monsoon, starting in June and stretching up to September. Rapidly changing climate is degrading the snow cover of Himalayan rivers originating in Himachal Pradesh, according to a recent study by the State Centre on Climate Change under the aegis of … To see this page as it is meant to appear, please enable your Javascript! This zone covers about 35% of the geographical areas and about 21% of the cultivated area of the State. The ppt consists of types of climatic regions in india, 5 typesof climatic zones in india, their description , cold and cloudy zone, shimla, himachal pradesh, types of design features according to climatic zones, active and passive cooling and heating techniques in cold and cloudy region. The state of Himachal Pradesh, India is a hilly region and it experiences a pleasant Climate through out the year… Temperature in general decreases from south to north. There is great variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal due to extreme variation in elevation. 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